Coaching Association of Canada

Get informed. Get inspired.

Sport Science and Sport Coaching research informs and inspires1 CAC'programs and services. Sport Science research is at the foundation of the National Coaching Certification Program (NCCP) content, which is in turn transferred to and applied by NCCP coaches. Sport Coaching research is at the foundation of the NCCP learning design as well as of other programs and services targeting Women in Coaching, Diversity and Inclusion, Lifelong Learning and Professional Coaching.

Learn more about Sport Coaching Research

Sport coaching research seeks to understand the coaching process and how it can be enhanced to increase positive outcomes and to reduce negative ones. This research largely informs how coaches develop and how they can coach effectively. It is informed by the Education, Psychology, Management, Sociology, Motor Learning and Development, and Sport sciences disciplines, among others.

Coach Profiles

Who is the coach?

  • Attributes
  • Needs

Coaching Environment

What is the coaching context?

  • Ecosphere (Power, values, gender identities, racial identities/ethnic or cultural background, indigenous culture, persons with disabilities, LGBTQ2S+, newcomers)
  • Stakeholders (Athlete characteristics and needs, parents, peers)

Coach Education and Development

How do coaches develop?

  • Biography
  • Expertise
  • Learning processes
  • Learning sources
  • Professional development
How is coach education and development supported?
  • Curriculum development (learning design and content)
  • Coach Developers in different delivery contexts (universities, sport organizations, multi-sport organizations)
  • Formal/Informal/Non-formal settings
  • System & Organizations

What are coaches developing?

  • Intrapersonal knowledge (e.g. philosophy, self-regulation)
  • Interpersonal knowledge (e.g. emotional intelligence, working with others)
  • Professional knowledge (Discipline-specific knowledge, including pedagogy, Sport-specific)

Coaching Practices

What is the coach doing?

  • Behaviors
  • Efficacy
  • Impacts (positive/negative)

Coaching Profession

What is the coaches' professional situation?

  • Employment situation
  • Professionalization
  • Work-life balance
  • Burnout
  • Employers
  • Hiring practices

 Learn more about Sport Science Research

Sport science research focuses on understanding the human body in the unique environment of sport and seeks to understand and enhance athlete health, well-being and performance. This research largely informs athlete training, programming, and services, for example regarding athlete’s health, physical development, participation and retention/dropout.

It is informed by Psychology, Physiology, Anatomy, Medicine Biomechanics, Motor Behaviour, Nutrition, Sociology and Sport coaching, among other disciplines.

Sport Coaching Research Partners


1Developed with the collaboration of Joe Baker, Tanya Berry, Bettina Callary, Marie-Pier Charest, David Cooper, Diane Culver, Guylaine Demers, Jim Denison, Marc-André Duchesneau, Jonathon Edwards, Alanna Harman, Nicola Hodges, Michael Kennedy, Kate Kloos, Timothy Konoval, Alixandra Krahn, Darren Kruisselbrink, Brian Maraj, Scott McRoberts, Michelle Silver, Ashley Stirling, Maxime Trempe, and Andrea Woodburn.